Academic Background and Research on BGE

Goal: The idea of BGE is to allow learners to quickly acquire a level of global communicative competence characterized by tolerance and empathy.

Background: BGE departs from the concept of English as a means of communication between people with different mother tongues. BGE is derived from observations on successful communication between non-natives.

Language System: BGE includes only 20 grammar rules and a basic vocabulary of 750 words (unbound to any specific single culture). Plus, learners are asked from the very beginning to do dictionary work and collect another 250 words related to individual needs. Word-formation rules and other strategies enable learners to denote things for which one of the communication partners doesn’t know the name. BGE includes communicative strategies for the most basic situations, which shall allow learners to speak empathically and respectfully with others and which include solutions for communicative breakdowns. BGE gives a linguistic, social and methodological basis on which learners can later fine-tune their language skills. Cf. also the video explanation on YouTube (Part 1 and Part 2)

Contact: Please feel free to contact Joachim Grzega ( if you have any questions.

BGE Raw Material

Academic Literature on BGE

BGE Projects

BGE sound files: All English examples from the sound chapter are available here as audio files (*.WAV):
spelling system, plosives, fricatives, combinations of plosive and fricative, nasals, laterals, voiced and voiceless sounds, vowels

analysis of all tests at primary school in the article "Putting English for Global Communication into Teaching Practice" by Joachim Grzega in Sprachraum Europa - Alles Englisch oder ...?, ed. by Ines-Andrea Busch-Lauer & Sabine Fiedler, p. 107-141, Berlin: Frank & Timme, (full transcription of the oral test here)

a report on adult learners' performance after 16 lessons of BGE (Joachim Grzega & Sandra Stenzenberger, Journal for EuroLinguistiX, 2011)

a report on primary school learners' performance after one year of BGE (Joachim Grzega, Journal for EuroLinguistiX, 2008)

comments on teaching English as a lingua franca incl. BGE (Joachim Grzega, Onomasiology Online, 2008.

a report on 12 BGE lessons with primary school learners (Joachim Grzega & Marion Schöner, Journal for EuroLinguistiX, 2007)

review of the model Globish and presentation of BGE (Joachim Grzega, Journal for EuroLinguistiX, 2006)

article on the didactic model Lernen durch Lehren (= Learning by Teaching) with a note on BGE (Joachim Grzega, Humanising Language Teaching, 2006)

article on the theoretical frame of BGE (Joachim Grzega, Journal for EuroLinguistiX, 2005)

article on European, International and Basic Global English (Joachim Grzega, Journal for EuroLinguistiX, 2005)

Project Team

Current Team Members and Contact:

Former Team Members (many thanks for their work):

Financial Support

Our thanks for financial support of this project go to the Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, particularly Head of Administration Gottfried Freiherr von der Heydte, Hermann Gutmann Stiftung Weißenburg, dm, UNESCO, and the European Union.

Last updated: 6 October 2011

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